What is Internship?
Internship is an agreement between a university and an organization that offers an opportunity for a student to undertake a temporary work assignment in the organization which enables him/her to have a realistic exposure to job and organizational conditions. It is called an “earn while you learn” program of training. It helps a student bridge up the gap between classroom learning and actual job conditions. Eventually, internship prepares a student for a prospective job. Since internship is defined as a full load of work for one semester, a student is not usually allowed to register for a regular course while doing internship.
Internship Report If you are registered in BUS-498, you are required to submit a report on your internship project to your faculty supervisor by the end of the semester. The report consists of two parts: (a) the organization part and (b) the project part. The organization part carries 25% weight of your grade, while the project part carries 75% of the weight. The report should be written in a professional manner. It should be double-spaced and typed in a good quality paper. It needs to be bound by a hard cover with your name and I.D. number on the cover page. There is no minimum or maximum length of the report. However, the typical size of an internship report is about 50 pages. You must keep a copy of your report for your own use because the report you submit to your instructor will not be returned within a year.
Internship Proposal Before you begin work on the Project Part, you must obtain approval of your Project Proposal from your faculty supervisor. The Project Proposal is an outline of your plan of action for the internship project. Typically, the Project topic is assigned by the organization. However, if the organization does not give you a research topic or asks you to do some work which does not involve research, you have to choose your own topic for research in consultation with your faculty supervisor. Please remember that an Internship Proposal is required for the Project Part only and should include the following:
1. Introduction: Briefly describe what your internship project is about
2. Objectives: Describe what goals you would like to accomplish through your research. Do not write the objectives of doing internship. Write the objectives of your doing the study. You should explain why you have undertaken this project and what results you would expect from your study. The objectives should focus on things you would like to examine and test by collecting and analyzing your data.
3. Significance of the Study: Discuss why the topic you have chosen is important. Explain its importance to employers, employees, management practitioners, other stakeholders, and the society at large.
4. Expected Findings or Hypotheses
5. Methodology: In this section you should describe the data (primary/secondary) and the variables (dependent/independent, continuous/categorical), data collection methods (telephone interview, personal interview, mailed questionnaire, structured/unstructured questionnaire, published statistics), sampling techniques, sample size (at least 120), data analysis techniques (graphical presentation, frequency, percentage, crosstabs, t-test, z-test, chi-square analysis, ANOVA, correlation, regression, etc.), data presentation techniques, and format of the report.
6. Limitations of the Study
7. Budget for the Study: (a) financial budget and (b) time budget. In the financial budget, you must show the sources and amount of expenses for conducting the study. The time budget will show the amount of time (days/weeks) you would like to spend in various stages of the study to complete it on time. Such stages include preparation of project proposal, preparation of questionnaire, collection of data, analysis of data, and preparation of report.
The Organization Part
In the Organization Part of your report, you should include the following information.
1. Name, location and historical background of the company
2. Names and characteristics of founders
3. Mission, vision, objectives and strategies of the company
4. Organization structure (attach an organogram)
5. The company’s major functions, description of its business, and detailed description of various functional departments
6. The company’s competitive conditions, industry analysis, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats
7. Strategic, operational and legal issues and problems facing the company and the strategies and tactics used to cope with them
8. An assessment of the company’s current state of operations and future directions.
The Project Part
The Project Part of your report will include the things you discussed in your Project Proposal. In addition, you have to present actual findings of your study and discuss them. In the Proposal, you described your plan for the study. In the report, you have to describe what results you have obtained after you have completed the study. The Project Part should include the following:
2. Objectives of the Study
3. Significance of the Study
7. Discussion of Results (Implications)
9. Limitations of the Study
Remember, the Project Proposal should be written in the future tense (things you plan to do) and the Project Part of the report should be written in the past tense (things you obtained through the study).
Time Budget You have 13 weeks to complete your internship. The following time frame may help you to complete your report on time.
1. Preparation of Project Proposal 2 weeks
2. Preparation of Questionnaire 1 week
3. Collection of Data 4 weeks
4. Analysis of Data 2 weeks
5. Preparation of Draft Report 2 weeks
6. Preparation of Final Report 2 weeks
If you cannot complete your internship in one semester, you may request your instructor for an “I” grade and he will set a deadline for submission of your report. If you cannot complete your report within the next semester, your grade in BUS-498 will turn into an “F” and you must re-register for the course to complete it later.